杨联芬:解放的困厄与反思

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The Dilemma and Reexamination of Liberation:A Study of the Experience
and Expression of Educated Women in the First Half of the 20th Century

2012.3.8妇女节英文致辞

作 者:杨联芬

尊敬的各位领导,亲爱的女同胞们:

作者简介:杨联芬,中国人民大学文学院(北京
100872)教授,主要从事20世纪中国文学、性别与现代文学思潮研究。

Dear every leader, dear women:

原发信息:《南开学报:哲学社会科学版》2016年第20164期

大家下午好!

威尼斯游戏网址,内容提要:将妇女解放纳入个人主义话语并纳入社会解放工程,是五四新文化运动的功劳,大大推进了男女平等的社会实践,带来社会普遍意识与生活方式的现代性转变。然而从女性的处境看,追求公共领域的男女平等,使女性面临比男子更繁重的责任,致使“解放”的实践,常常变成超负荷困境。“个人”与“女人”的冲突,成为20世纪上半期中国女性解放中一个突出的矛盾。

Good afternoon!

One of the great feats of the New Cultural Movement was to integrate the
liberation of women into individualist discourse and the liberation of
the whole society.The liberation of women greatly promoted the equality
between men and women,resulting in drastic modernisation of the overall
ideas and life styles of the society.However,when women’s real
situations are taken into concern,their efforts to claim for gender
equality in the public forced them to take responsibilities that were
even heavier than those taken by men.As a result,the practice of
“liberation” actually ended up putting women in an over-loaded
situation.The conflict between being individual and being woman became a
prominent problem in women’s liberation in the first half of the 20th
Century.

朋友们,今天是国际妇女斗争的纪念日,是所有女性为之欢欣的日子,也是所有男性应该铭记的一天。1909年3月8日,美国芝加哥女工因要求男女平等权利而举行示威,次年8月在丹麦哥本哈根召开的国际第二次社会主义妇女大会上决定,为促进国际劳动妇女的团结和解放,以每年3月8日为妇女节。我国第一次纪念”三八”国际劳动妇女节始于1924年。中华人民共和国成立之后,中央人民政府国务院于1949年12月通令全国,定3月8日为妇女节。

关 键 词:女性解放/困厄与反思/冰心/陈学昭/黄心勉/women’s
liberation/the dilemma and reexamination/Bing Xin/Chen Xuezhao/Huang
Xinmian

Today, my friends, is the struggle of the international women’s day, is
all for the day of the joy of women, as well as all men should remember
one day. On March 8, 1909, the Chicago women requirements for men and
women equal rights demonstrators, the next year in August in Copenhagen,
the second meeting of the international socialist conference on women
decided to, to promote international working women and unity and
liberation, every year for women’s day on March 8. Our first memorial
“38” the international working women’s day started in 1924. After the
founding of the People’s Republic of China, the central people’s
government in 1949, the state council on December TongLing national, set
for women’s day on March 8.

标题注释:国家社会科学基金项目。

九十六年的历史,人类二分之一的女性,为了这个平等权利激昂奋进,谱写了人类进步发展史的新章。

五四新文化运动以后,知识人普遍认识到,“从家族生活到个人生活”,是现代社会发展的必然方向①;以个人主义取代家族主义,也成为新时代的价值追求。20世纪20年代以后,因受教育而离开家乡外出谋职的青年渐渐多起来,传统家族式大家庭,逐渐被越来越多的城市夫妻小家庭取代;至20世纪40年代,知识女性的职业化在较大城市的中产阶层中,已属常态。由此,知识/职业女性,不但离开了传统宗法制大家庭,也常常走出夫妻二人的小家庭,进入社会公共事业。然而,实现了经济独立,并不意味着她们必然获得平等与自由。当家务和生育仍是女性“天职”时,收入有限而家务繁重的一般城市职业女性,往往心力交瘁。

Ninety-six years of history, the human half of the women, in order to
the equal rights endeavour heated writes the examination of the history
of human progress equipment.we believe.

三八节虽然是敬重女权的一个象征,但多少年来,它在女性的心中却尤如千斤之重。为了走出封建社会的阴影,跨进男女平等的今天,人类付出了几代人的努力。今天无论是事业上还是生活上,到处可以看到女性成为时代佼佼者的身影,

38 section although is respect for the rights of women a symbol, but for
many years, women in the heart of it is just like one thousand jins
weight. In order to step out of the shadow of the feudal society,
stepped into the equality between men and women today, man pay the the
efforts of several generations. Today both career or in life, everywhere
can see women become the era of outstanding figure,

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